Matching of smart light poles and 5G small base stations
In the future, countless street lights will be equipped with 5G base stations, turning them into important infrastructures for smart cities, and a smart light pole that integrates multiple functions into one will become a beautiful landscape in future cities.
5G is coming to us, and the light pole stations around the world are like the Hongzhan iron tower of that year, and they are springing up like mushrooms. Let's take a look at the light pole stations around.
开展 Smart light pole + base station production in many places around the world
Light pole station from the United States
In 2017, the American Wireless Communications and Internet Association (CtiA) issued a statement saying that urban street lights and poles will be important infrastructure in the era of 5G small base stations.
This Chen said that smart cities will drive work and economic growth. The spread of 5G small base stations is the key to smart cities. Municipal and regulatory agencies should streamline the approval process and adjust the charging structure to encourage telecom operators to make full use of street lights And electric poles and other urban infrastructure to produce 5G networks.
4On April 10, 2018, the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Communications announced that the three Korean operators SK, KT, and LG U + will jointly build and share 5G networks. The article points out that due to the limited space in the city, 5G production of smart light poles should make full use of various municipal infrastructure such as street lights, power poles, traffic lights, and billboards to speed up 5G resettlement, use resources effectively, and reduce repeated funding.
The pioneers in the production of light pole stations are, of course, indispensable for China's iron towers. Earlier, China's iron tower launched a smart light pole that integrates environmental monitoring, intelligent supervision, charging piles, and intelligent lighting ...
As the era of the 5G Smart Connect is approaching, China's iron towers actively implement new development concepts such as "share, green, and innovation", promote the two-way changes of "communication towers" and "social towers," and actively use social resources to quickly and economically satisfy the work. In the 5G era, the production of small and micro-stations actively promoted multiple uses and continuously created value for work and society.
In September 2018, the smart street lights that were jointly researched and developed by Wuhan Power Supply Company and China Railway Appearance were called "Xiaoman waist street lights". The first batch of more than 150 were installed, and new energy cars were connected to or reserved for charging. , 5G and other functions are imported.
It is understood that the Tower Company has already talked about 6 million poles as its base station carrier. Some smart pole manufacturers have bought out the position of existing poles, and some of them have directly assumed the production cost of the poles to obtain the base station location for free. . At present, various subway tower companies are increasing their efforts to promote this method.
In fact, domestic smart light poles are the same as those in the United States. Because of their "connected power and network connectivity" features, they have camera monitoring, sound recognition, and base station mounting (you can use base station equipment in the light pole to ensure beauty), The functions of urban WIFI, smart charging pile, positioning, and urgent call for help are attributed to the typical integrated light pole.
Emerging domestic intelligent light poles integrating multiple functions, such as:
In September 2017, Rutong Electronic Co., Ltd. cooperated with a Beijing company to pilot equipment for "Wing Deng No. 1" smart street light in Beijing;
12In December 2016, 20 “Huge Up” composite street light poles made by Shanghai Sansi appeared on the west street of Zuoanmen, Beijing;
10In October 2016, Huati Lighting launched a pilot project for smart street lights in Shanghai. A total of 11 sets of smart street light "Hua Deng No. 1" equipment at the entrance of the Shanghai Post and Telecommunication Planning Institute;
7In July 2017, 26 smart street lights using the new generation of IoT communication technology NB-IoT appeared in Pudong;
In November 2017, at the entrance to the Shenzhen Bay Science and Technology Ecological Park at Shahe West Road, Shenzhen, two technology-oriented streetlight poles were established. It is an integrated research and development independently developed by Shenzhen Urban Transport Planning and Research Center Co., Ltd. Products called "Common Rods for Smart Roads";
Tailong Zhixian completed the fourth batch of nearly 40 sets of lamp pole screens in Tianjin equipment on June 26. Tianjin became a city with a large amount of LED lamp pole screens (smart street lights) in a single city in China;
11On November 25, 2017, Metano (Beijing) IOT Technology Co., Ltd. and China Mobile Internet of Things Co., Ltd. ended the NB-IOT smart light pole demonstration project for Xiong'an Mobile in Xiong'an New District;
9In September 2018, Sichuan Mobile's 5G smart light pole was officially launched. The light pole was developed by Sichuan Mobile, Sichuan Energy Investment, and China's Mobile Planning Institute. It not only beautifies the loading of wireless base stations, but also carries a variety of innovative smart applications;
The first phase of the smart street light reconstruction project in Zhengzhou Airport Experimental Zone includes nearly 4,000 bases (poles) of street lights. The price of smart light poles has ended by 1/3 as of April 2018;
In June 2015, Zhejiang Dayunwulian finished a "transformation" on the street light pole on Huanggushan Road. In March 2017, the "smart street light" was re-promoted. Zhejiang Dayun IoT joined hands with Hangzhou Telecom and Huawei to successfully build a smart lighting project based on standardized NB-IoT (narrowband Internet of Things) in Jiangsu Province, becoming the first successful work in the province Innovative IoT applications;
Sichuan Huati tailored 6 sets of "Yinhe" smart street lights for Tianlin Garden District in Baiyun District, Guiyang City, and promoted the demonstration production of Guiyang Smart Community;
On December 9, 2017, Fang Dazhikong erected a special light pole on the streets of Shenyang-a smart light pole in Yangzhou landed in Shenyang;
On April 8, 2018, Xiongtian Road, Longping High-tech Park, Changsha, known as the first "smart road" in Hunan, was equipped with electric car charging piles on the lampposts around the road;
▲Chinese smart light pole style
Local governments began to actively promote the planning of 5G base stations and the production of multi-functional smart poles. For example, the Tianjin Municipal Government signed contracts with a number of operators and China's iron tower companies, which will accelerate the key to accelerate 5G network placement. In order to build a larger number of base stations, Tianjin Tower Company signed agreements with the Tianjin Public Security Bureau and the State Grid Tianjin Electric Power Street Light Office to allow the use of public security monitoring and street light poles to make small base stations. Tianjin will pass a total of three years in the next three years. Build a shared method and make no less than 10,000 5G base stations.
The General Office of the Guangdong Provincial Government recently issued a notice on the "Three-year Action Plan for the Production of Guangdong's Information Foundation Facilities (2018-2020)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Action Plan (2018-2020)"). Clearly proposed "strive to be the first to build a strong network province in the country", "In 2020, the province will have 73,000 5G base stations, 359,000 4G mobile communication base stations, 147,000 sites, and NB-IoT base stations. 91,000 seats. " The "Action Plan (2018-2020)" also requires that local governments should open up the resources of social poles and communication towers, promote urban smart light poles with "one-use-multiple-use" functions, and alleviate the shortage of base station sites.
In order to speed up the production of new smart cities and rob the establishment of the national benchmark city of new smart cities, Shenzhen took the lead in issuing the "Three-year Action Plan for the Development of Multi-functional Smart Rods" in June this year, becoming the top-level action plan issued by domestic governments. The "Shenzhen New Smart City Production Master Plan" released in July further put forward requirements to accelerate the production of multi-functional smart poles, forming a co-constructed, intensive and efficient urban IoT perception system production method to improve public safety, city management, and road Intelligent perception level in areas such as transportation and ecological environment. On October 1st, the "Shenzhen Multi-function Pole Intelligent System Technology and Engineering Production Standard" was drafted and introduced, and began to end the production planning and investment production operation mode issues.
5G base station production drives the smart street light market to take off
At present, the small base station installation methods are mainly divided into pole equipment, floor equipment and ground equipment.
The smart street light-based device method is a typical method for pole-mounted devices and has the following advantages:
(1) Power supply advantages: The combination of small base stations and street lights can share charging equipment, save energy, and address the power supply problem of small base stations alone.
(2) Handling intelligence: through the sensing equipment on smart street lights, it is convenient to monitor the working status and temperature of small base stations. If abnormalities are found, early warning can be provided. Various monitoring data can also be transmitted to the cloud. Analysis and application.
(3) Coverage: Because the coverage of a single small base station is lacking 200 meters, it may be necessary to cover the blind spots in full coverage, and the street lights are evenly distributed with a distance of 100 meters.
(4) Space saving: The combination of small base stations and street lights saves the space required for independent placement, which can greatly reduce the difficulty of property coordination for base station placement.
(5) Blind spot concealment: Highways and railways often have poor signal concealment areas. The use of smart street light equipment methods is conducive to the completion of blind spot concealment.
According to the plans of the three major operators at the time, it is estimated that 5g technology will be officially registered for commercial use in 2020, and the demand for smart street lights equipped with base stations will have a high probability in the past two years. In addition, the popularity of new energy cars will greatly increase the demand for charging piles, and smart street light poles can also exist as the most convenient carrier for charging piles.
Luo Baihui, a researcher invited by the International Smart City Research Center, speculated that the global smart street light market size will exceed 50 billion yuan in 2019. Due to urbanization and the development and production of smart cities, it is estimated that China's smart street light market size will exceed 20 billion yuan. In 2020, the market space for smart street lights driven by 5G base station production will be 117.6 billion yuan. By 2021, the market size of various hardware and services imported from smart street lights will be 3.7 trillion yuan, accounting for 20% of the total smart city market size. He believes that the "cake" of the smart street light market in the future is very large, and it is an opportunity for lighting work that is gradually becoming more profitable.
In addition, how much rated resource investment can "multi-parity integration" save the city in the end? It may be possible to get a rough idea from related projects in some cities.
For example, in the 35km coastal informatization highway demonstration project in Wanning, Hainan, a total of 44 communication pole towers and road monitoring poles are integrated into the induction pole tower along the highway. According to calculations, if they were produced separately, the Hainan Iron Tower and the traffic section would have to make 44 and 35 pole towers separately. After "two poles in one", the total number of poles could be reduced by 40-50%, which could save nearly 3.85 million yuan in capital. This only integrates the cost savings of the two types of video surveillance poles and communication poles, and has not yet superimposed the number of poles such as street lights, signs, and signal lights.
Not only that, in addition to being able to halve the investment in physical resources, since all equipment uses networked information placement, its informatization value is also inestimable. These intelligent devices can be used for continuous production of smart cities Information resources, which is an incomparable advantage of traditional manual site inspections.
For example, in terms of equipment operation and maintenance, taking the Chengdu Smart Street Light Project as an example, the smart street light system not only improves operation and maintenance efficiency, but also reduces protection costs and costs. After the smart street light system is selected, the operation and maintenance cost is reduced by 56% a year.
However, in the implementation process, because the points are full, the number of poles is huge, and it is necessary to end the production in conjunction with multiple parts, so the process of advancing the production of "multi-shot in one" can be imagined and is not simple. This involved the integration of a number of urban public facilities. Each set of equipment had its own cables and network requirements for laying and setting. This required the joint construction of resources by combining multiple parts.
In this process, you can refer to the method adopted by the Shenzhen Urban Management Bureau's "Multi-Pole One-In-One" project to integrate the same kind of rods first, and then integrate the different rods. In the "multiple poles in one" transformation, the intelligent or integrated transformation of the lines inside the lamppost will be carried out together to prevent repeated excavation of the road surface. And the cost of the entire transformation process is huge. According to the Shenzhen Urban Management Bureau, the estimated cost of the "multi-in-one" transformation of about 240,000 street light poles in the city is about 50 billion yuan.
With huge investment, Shenzhen is also focusing on this project step by step. Everything is difficult at the beginning, but this process is also a necessary experience to promote the production of smart cities. Only when the infrastructure of the infrastructure is rationalized can we enter the real information networked supervision stage.
Conclusion: 5G loves light poles, and light poles also need 5G. The intelligent light pole that integrates multiple functions into one is an essential and essential infrastructure for future smart cities. It is like a chimney in the industrial era, a power tower in the electric era, and a communication tower in the information era. It will certainly become the smart era of the future. One of the labels.